The Role & Strategies of Non Formal Education for Education Access to Marginalized Community

Authors

  • Samee Ullah Lecturer, Department of Education, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Faheem Ul Hassan M.Phil Scholar, Department of Education, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Taj Muhammad M.Phil Scholar, Department of Education, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47067/real.v4i3.172

Keywords:

Non Formal Education, Strategies, Underprivileged, Community, Punjab

Abstract

In Pakistan, about 22.8 million children of school going age are out of school which is very alarming situation and second highest number in the World. Major portion of these OOSCs belong to deprived, marginalized community of Pakistan. Although Pakistan has promised under article 25A to educate all the boys and girls age of school going children but this yet not to be meet due to financial constraints. So to fill this gap an alternative comprehensive system is needed. Non Formal Education is recognized and understood as cost effective and flexible system to fill this gap. In context of Pakistan, despite of recognition of NFE, it has not received due attention due to lack political interest. However, in last few years it is seen progress in this sector and a Non Formal Education Policies are developed at province level e.g. Punjab Non Formal Education Policy and Sindh Non Formal Education Policy. The aim of study was to explore the strategies of Non Formal Education for education access to underprivileged community and its effectiveness in Punjab. The research was conducted in 100 NFBE schools in three districts of Punjab. It was a Quantitative survey research to explore the strategies, and impact of NFBE schools on community. Random sampling technique was used to select the sample. Data was collected from officers, teachers, students and their parents. Data was collected through Questionnaires. It was found that NFE system was imparting cost effective, affordable, flexible, inclusive education at door step of deprived and marginalized community. It was recommended to allocate the more funds to scale up NFE system to cater the all OOSC. It was also recommended to amend and implement the Literacy Act 1987.

References

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2016). Education for people and planet: Creating sustainable futures for all. Paris, France: UNESCO.

United Nations General Assembly. (2015). Transforming our world: The 2030 agenda for sustainable development. Resolution adopted by the General Assembly.

United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund.(2013). Out-of-school children in the Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh provinces of Pakistan. Islamabad: UNICEF Pakistan.

United Nations Development Program, Pakistan. (2017). Pakistan national human development report 2017: Unleashing the potential of a young Pakistan. Retrieved from United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) website: http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/ reports/2847/pk-nhdr.pdf

United Nation International Children’s Emergency Fund,(Evaluation Report February 2018; The out-of-School Children Initiative ).New York: UNICEF

Ministry of Education.(Pakistan Education Statistic 2016/2017).Academy of Educational Planning and Management, Islamabad: AEPAM.

Literacy & Non Formal Basic Education Department Government of Punjab, Lahore: Punjab Literacy & Non Formal Education Policy 2019:PLNFEP

Hussain, A., Salfi, N., & Mahmood, T. (2011). Causes of students’ dropout at primary level in Pakistan: An empirical study. International journal of humanities and social science, 1(12), 143-151.

Hitchcock, G., & Hughes, D. (1995). Interviewing, asking question, & conversations. In Research and the teacher: A qualitative introduction to school-based research (2nd ed., pp. 153-183). New York, NY: Routledge.

Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research design qualitative, quantitative and mix methods approaches (2nd ed.). London, UK: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Downloads

Published

2021-07-30

How to Cite

Ullah, S. ., Hassan, F. U. ., & Muhammad, T. . (2021). The Role & Strategies of Non Formal Education for Education Access to Marginalized Community. Review of Education, Administration & LAW, 4(3), 563-573. https://doi.org/10.47067/real.v4i3.172