Performativity analysis in Hyder’s the Sound of Falling Leaves

Authors

  • Hira Ali Lecturer, Department of English, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Zahir Jang Khattak Professor, University of Qurtaba, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Abdul Ghaffar Ikram Graduate, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Shehrzad Ameena Khattak Lecturer, University of Karak, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47067/real.v4i2.145

Keywords:

Gender, Performativity, Speech and Actions, Culture, Society and Subcontinent

Abstract

The present study delves into the concept of gender by applying the theory of performativity on Qurratulain Hyder’s story ‘The Sound of Falling leaves’. Awareness of the distinction between sex and gender started with the first wave of feminism. Many renowned critics like Virginia Woolf, Simone de Beauvoir, Kate Millet, and Judith Butler have explained this distinction. Writers portray society in text and many writers have tried their hands to depict the role, values, and status of women in a male-dominated patriarchal society. There are many reforms regarding the protection of women and to make women gender better, but we still find a lot of lacks. Gender is defined by society. One is born with sex and becomes a man or woman as he or she starts to identify with society. Gender is constructed on the base of performance of speech and actions which are repeated again and again until it becomes part of our consciousness (Butler, 1990). We have not found any research on this story regarding the application of the theory of performativity. So, this research is designed to examine to what extent the theory of performativity is true by discussing the portrayal of women in this story. This research also analyzes to what extent there is change in a Subcontinent society regarding therole and status of female. Discussion and analysis of text supports the theory of performativity. Instead of many reforms for women rights still woman of subcontinent like ‘Tanvir Fatima’ are suffering. She becomes victim of conservative society who is not ready to accept modern girls. She is beaten terribly by Khushwaqt and has no say. Her dreams are shattered by both cruel men and women. Further, this study also provides suggestions about how we can improve gender roles and provide healthy atmosphere for both men and women who can play the leading roles for the betterment of the world.

References

Beauvoir, Simon de. The Second Sex. New York: Vintage Books, 1989, p. 283.

Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: feminism and the subversion of identity. New York: Routledge, 1999, pp. 1- 128.

Butler, Judith. Performative acts and gender constitution: An essay in phenomenology and feminist theory. Theatre journal. 40 (4): 519-531. Doi:10.2307/3207893, 1988.

Butler, Judith. Bodies that matter: on the discursive limits of sex. New York: Routhledge. ISBN 978-0-415-90365-3, 1993.

Carter, David. Literory theory. Old castle books. 2012. ISBN 1842438131, 9781842438138, pp.91-100.

Graddol, David, and Joan Swann. Gender voices. Oxford : Blackwell, 1989, p.103.

Hyder Qurratulain. Season of Betrayal. New Delhi: kali for women, 1999. ISBN: 8186706011, pp. 1-20.

Millet, Kate. Sexual Politics. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Shepherd, Kirstein. Modern Drama: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford university press. 2015, p.11.

Woolf, Virginia. A room of one’s own. New York: Harcourt, Brace abd Company, 1929.

Woolf, Virginia, and Naomi Black. Three Guineas. Oxford: Published for the Shakespeare Head Press by Blackwell Publishers, 2001.

Downloads

Published

2021-05-21

How to Cite

Ali, H. ., Khattak, Z. J. ., Ikram, A. G. ., & Khattak, S. A. . (2021). Performativity analysis in Hyder’s the Sound of Falling Leaves. Review of Education, Administration & LAW, 4(2), 337-343. https://doi.org/10.47067/real.v4i2.145