Analytical Study about the Effects of Social Media on Social Interactions of Students of Age Limits 14 – 21 Years
Keywords:Social Media, Social Behaviors, Social Contacts, Social Anxiety, ICTs
Basic purpose of this research was to explore the emerging effects of social media on students’ social interactions. For this purpose a sample of 380 students was selected on the basis of purposive sampling technique during the academic year 2019. Through a self-developed questionnaire, researchers collected data from different elementary to higher secondary schools’ students and also the undergraduate students of semester first from the universities that were present on the day of data collection in their classes. It was found that WhatsApp, YouTube, FaceBook, Google+, and Instagram were the most popular websites or apps amongst the sampled students and they spent more than 4 hours in a day on different social media activities. Getting entertainment through these apps or websites was the basic purpose of using it. Social media has strong impacts on the social interactions of both male and female students because they feel their lives are incomplete without using it and they don’t like those who criticize on them while using it but students of early ages i.e., 14 – 17 years were least affected by it.
Abbas, J., Aman, J., Nurunnabi, M., and Bano, S. (2019). The impact of social media on learning behavior for sustainable education: evidence of students from selected universities in Pakistan. Sustainability, 11, 1683. DOI:10.3390/su11061683
Amedie, J. (2015). The impact of social media on society. Retrieved from http://scholarcommons.scu.edu/engl_176/2
Baker, E. (2019). The influences of social media: depression, anxiety, and self-conception. Retrieved from https://thekeep.eiu.edu/theses/4479
Bozkurt, A., Karadeniz, A., and Kocdar, S. (2017). Social networking sites as communication, interaction, and learning environments: perceptions and preferences of distance education students. Journal of Learning for Development, 4(3). 348-365. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1161784.pdf
Dobrean, A. and Pasarelu, C. R. (2016). Impact of social media on social anxiety: a systematic review. DOI: 10.5772/65188
Gay, L. R., Mills, G. E., and Airasian, P. W. (2015). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and application. Tenth edition. India: Pearson Publishers. Pages: 191-192
Gok, T. (2016). The effects of social networking sites on students’ studying and habits. International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2(1), 85-93.
Gorhe, M. (2019). Impact of Social Media on Academic Performance of Students. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/332110622. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.21427.27687
Hurst, B., Wallace, R. and Nixon, S. B. (2013). The impacts of social interaction on student learning. Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Learning Art, 52(4). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/reading_horizons/vol52/iss4/5
Julian, H. (2017). How to define social media – an academic summary. Retrieved from http://julianhopkins.com/how-to-define-social-media-an-academic-summary/
Lad, H. (2017). The positive and negative impacts of social media on education, teenagers, business and society. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (IJIRSET), 6(10). DOI:10.15680/IJIRSET.2017.0610072
Lu, J. and Churchill, D. (2014). The effect of social interaction on learning engagement in a social networking environment. Interactive Learning Environment, 22(4), 401-417. DOI: 10.1080/10494820.2012.680966
Manning, J. (2014.) Social media, definition and classes of.In K. Harvey (Ed.), Encyclopedia of social media and politics (pp. 1158-1162). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Mensah, S. O. and Nizam, I. (2016). The impact of social media on students’ academic performance – a case of Malaysia Tertiary Institution. International Journal of Education, Learning and Training, 1(1). DOI: 10.24924/ijelt/2016.11/v1.iss1/14.21. Retrieved from https://www.ftms.edu.my/journals/pdf/IJELT/Nov2016/14-21.pdf
O’Keeffe, G. S., Clarke-Pearson, K. and Council on Communication and Media (2011). Clinical report – The impact of social media on children, adolescents and families. PEDIATRICS. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2011-0054
Okita, S. Y. (2016). Social interactions and learning. In: Seel, N. M. (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Sciences of Learning. Springer: Boston. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1428-6_1770
Owusu-Acheaw, M. and Larson, A. G. (2015). Use of social media and its impact on academic performance of tertiary institution students: a study of students of Koforidua Polytechnic, Ghana. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(6). Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1083595.pdf
Pantic, I. (2014). Online social networking and mental health. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw, 17(10), 652-657. DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2014.0070
Pojazon-Zazik, M. and Park, M. J. (2010). To tweet, or not to tweet: Gender differences and potential positive and negative health outcomes of adolescents’ social internet use. American Journal of Men’s Health, 4(1), 77-85. DOI: 10.1177/1557988309360819
Raut, V. and Patil, P. (2016). Use of social media in education: positive and negative impacts on students. International Journal on Recent and Innovative Trends in Computing and Communication (IJRITCC), 4(1), 281-285.
Siddiqui, S. and Singh, T. (2016). Social Media its impact with positive and negative aspects. International Journal of Computer Applications Technology and Research, 5(2), 71-75.
Sawyer, R. and Chen, G. M. (2012). The impact of social media on intercultural adaptation. Intercultural Communication Studies, 21(2), 151-169. Retrieved from: https://web.uri.edu/iaics/files/09RebeccaSawyerGuoMingChen.pdf
Strickland, A. (2014). Exploring the effects of social media use on mental health of young adults. Retrieved from https://stars.library.ucf.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi
Umar, T. I. and Idris, M. (2018). Influence of social media on psychosocial behavior and academic performance of secondary school students. Journal of Education and Entrepreneurship, 5(2), 36-46. https://doi.org/10.26762/jee.2018.40000013
Wolf, M., Sims, J., and Yang, H. (2018).Social Media? What Social Media? Retrieved from https://www.ukais.org/resources/Documents/ukais%202018%20proceedings%20papers/paper_4.pdf