The Direct and Indirect Effects of Domestic Violence on the Maternal-Child Relationship & Intellectual Process of Pre-School Age Children’s


  • Hira Ali Lecturer, Department of English, University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Hina Ali Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, The Women University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Maria Shahid Lecturer, Department Management Sciences, The Women University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Sabira Dilawar Lecturer, Department of Economics, The Women University, Multan, Pakistan



Domestic Violence, Pre-School Children, Home Environment, Child Sexual Abuse, Mental Health, Primary Data, Cognitive Development


The study investigated the unswerving besides the incidental effect of domestic violence on a child’s Logical Operations. This study took 100 participants also children, whose age is between 3 or 5-year-old in which (44 Boys and 56 Girls) conscripted from the overall society. Domestic violence is used as a dependent variable and negatively related to the home environment and Trauma & Mental Depression. Children who witness domestic violence have poorer verbal ability whereas controlling the SES and child abuse have significantly affected visual-spatial abilities. The two scores WPPSI-R and PPVT-R score are used for MANCOVA results for primary data for witness and non-witness of domestic violence. In the end, internal vehemence circuitously precious the mutual type of rational skills over the impression on parental downheartedness besides the intellectual superiority of the household atmosphere.


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How to Cite

Ali, H. ., Ali, H., Shahid, M. ., & Dilawar, S. . (2021). The Direct and Indirect Effects of Domestic Violence on the Maternal-Child Relationship & Intellectual Process of Pre-School Age Children’s. Review of Education, Administration & LAW, 4(1), 201-212.