Acoustic Investigation of Back Vowels of Pakistani English

Authors

  • Hafiz Ahmad Bilal University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Musarrat Azher University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Mariam Ishfaq University of Sargodha, Pakistan
  • Ammara Mumtaz University of Sargodha, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47067/real.v4i1.110

Keywords:

Back vowels, PRAAT, Formants, PakE, Asian Englishes, World Englishes

Abstract

The present research investigates the acoustic features of back vowels of Pakistani English (PakE). The vowels are acoustically analysed to see whether PakE is different from Standard British English (SBE), and whether PakE merges the back vowels like some Asian varieties of English. The study also investigates the total number of back vowels of PakE. The subjects (20 male and 20 female) are selected from among the undergraduate students enrolled in BS English (University of Sargodha) with Punjabi as their mother tongue. Monosyllabic words with /hVd/ context, containing the selected vowels are recorded using a carrier-phrase. For acoustic measurement of the formants (F1-F2) and durational properties, PRAAT has been used. The formant values (F1- F2) are compared with those of SBE to find out similarities and differences. For statistical analysis, ANOVA along with Tukey’s HSD test is performed to see whether the results are significant. The results show that PakE has four back vowels, i.e. two long and two short. It does merge /?/ and /?:/ like other varieties of Asian Englishes, but it does not merge the high back vowels, i.e. /u/ and/u:/. So, it can be concluded that PakE is a different variety of English on the basis of the idiosyncratic features of back vowels.

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Published

2021-03-26

How to Cite

Bilal, H. A. ., Azher, M. ., Ishfaq, M. ., & Mumtaz, A. . (2021). Acoustic Investigation of Back Vowels of Pakistani English. Review of Education, Administration & LAW, 4(1), 37-52. https://doi.org/10.47067/real.v4i1.110